Single Origin and Single Estate
When a coffee is designated “single origin,” it means that the crop and coffee beans used in your cup of coffee came from the same geographical region of a country. This coffee may come from a single farm or from smaller farmers (most common) or co-ops pooling their yield. Single origin coffees often fall in the “specialty coffee” category, which are the highest quality coffees grown in the world and makes up only 3 percent of all coffee worldwide. Single origin coffees are known for clear and distinct flavor profiles that showcase the region from where they came. They give coffee-lovers the chance to fully experience the true flavors and aromas of coffee beans grown in a particular region.
A subcategory of single origin is “single estate,” where there is no pooling of yields and resources with other farmers. In order for a single estate to succeed and thrive on its own, it must produce exceptional coffee consistently, with operations that are as close to perfect as possible. They maintain the strictest quality and control standards, as well as tight oversight of a smaller supply chain. More often than not, the owners and operators of single estates are meticulous individuals who have dedicated their lives to growing exceptional coffee.
Another highly sought-after benefit of single origin and single estate coffee is traceability. You can learn more about traceability Here.
Some research courtesy of The Perfect Daily Grind.